Ohio’s Learning Standards  – What Parents and Guardians Should Know


Education standards, also called “academic content standards,” are guidelines that describe what children are to learn in each subject and grade. They tell us what each child should know and be able to do by the end of a school year.

Ohio’s standards for English language arts, mathematics, science and social studies are becoming more rigorous. The English language arts and math standards, called Common Core standards, were created through a partnership of educators around the country, and they have been voluntarily adopted by the state boards of education of Ohio and 45 other states. Ohio has developed its own more rigorous science and social studies standards. The goal of all these guidelines is to ensure that all students have greater opportunities and access to the careers of their choice through a K-12 education system that provides the knowledge and skills most valued by employers and higher education.


Schools will begin using the new standards by the 2014-2015 school year, but they have been encouraged to start using them earlier. Here are some other things to know:

1.      The standards include the same learning goals for all students, so children who move to new schools will stay on track.

2.      The standards provide a simple road map to where our children are going. This means students, parents or guardians, and teachers can work together toward the same goals.

3.      The standards are related to the real world. They focus on the knowledge and skills students will need to succeed in life, not just the classroom.

4.      Teachers, parents or guardians, and researchers helped develop the standards. They are designed to be challenging, but possible for students to achieve and practical for teachers to use.


To compete in a knowledge-based global economy, Ohio must improve the educational results of all students. Consider:

·        About 40 percent of Ohio high school graduates who go a public college in Ohio need to take remedial coursework in English language arts or mathematics upon entry.

·        62 percent of new jobs available in 2018 will require some college or other post-secondary education.

·        A 2009 international test found that 15-year-old students from more than 20 countries were outperforming U.S. students in math.


In English language arts

1.      Students spend more time reading to find facts and information in texts. Examples of these texts are famous speeches or articles about world events. Students also will continue to read fiction, or literature, but the emphasis will shift to informational text.

Ohio’s New K–12 Education Standards  – What Parents and Guardians Should Know – Page 2

2.       Students read to find evidence that supports an argument or conclusion then write about their findings.

3.      Students learn to read and write about text that becomes more challenging over time.

In mathematics, science and social studies

1.      Classrooms focus on two or three topics within each subject in each grade, digging deeper into each than they have in the past.

2.      Ideas or concepts from each subject are connected from one grade to the next. These concepts also link to other major subjects within the same grade. For example, 5th-grade students may solve a challenging mathematics problem then write in English class about how they used the newly learned math concept to do a class science project.

3.      The standards prepare students to easily use the skills they’ve learned and to apply them to real-world situations.


1.      You will be aware of exactly what your child should know and be able to do by the end of each grade.

2.      Because the standards make expectations very clear, you, your child and your child’s teacher will be able to work toward a single goal.

3.      You will see that your child is learning about fewer topics in each grade, but he or she is learning much more about each topic.

4.      You can be assured that your child is learning under the same high standards as other students around the nation and world.


1.      Learn about the new standards and how your school plans to transition to the higher expectations.

2.      Meet with teachers to find out what your child will be learning and how teaching will change.

3.      Play an active role in your child’s education at home. If you notice your child is struggling in a certain area, talk with the teacher to find strategies that will help.

4.      Tell other parents or guardians about the switch to the new standards and assessments.

5.      Through your state and local PTA, get involved. PTAs in select cities are holding sessions to help parents and guardians understand the standards and encourage their schools to use them.


Official Common Core State Standards Website 
PTA’s Parents Guide to Student Success (includes parent guides to the Common Core standards) http://www.pta.org/parents/content.cfm?ItemNumber=2583

Ohio’s New Learning Standards